The department of Physics has a century old past and has come through the era of revolutionary thoughts in the world of physics to the present century of technological revolution. As far back in 1926, Prof. Satyendra Nath Bose and Prof. Meghnad Saha , then post graduate students of Calcutta University used to come to this department to study original works of Max. Planck and Albert Einstein. Our library was so rich even at that time under the able leadership of Prof. Bruhl. They also used to do their M.Sc. practical in the laboratory of this physics department. An unforgettable name in the history of the department is Prof. S.S. Boral, who initiated the course on Electronics and Telecommunications which itself finally branched out to be one of the advanced engineering department of the university. Our department can justifiably feel proud of eminent teachers like Prof. P.K. Chattopadhyay, Prof. B.R. Gupta, Prof. N.C. Mukherjee, Prof. M. Mitra and others who taught the undergraduate engineering students of B.E. College and made a strong base for their further studies. Our present faculty members are also faithfully tracing their paths.
The year 2000 was a landmark for our department when the M.Sc. course in Applied Physics was introduced. New faculty members started joining the department, having expertise in modern thrust areas of physics and related technology. On the one hand, theoretical works are being pursued in the field of Nuclear and High energy physics and Atomic and Molecular physics; on the other hand in view of latest technological advancement, different studies are carried out in the field of Spectroscopy of Condensed Matter, Fiber Optics, Electroceramics, Transport phenomena in solids, Synthesis of Nanomaterials by sol gel route and their characterization, Silicon nanostructure based : Light emitters, Detectors, Sensors etc. At the same time, experimental works are undertaken creating a rich environment of advanced research.
In the last five years the faculty members of the department have contributed more than 100 research papers in international journals of repute and international conference proceedings. Many of our students are engaged in research and some of them are also in scientific jobs in various premier research institutions of India, such as SINP, IACS, TIFR, BARC, IPR, CGCRI etc. A considerable number of them are persuing Ph.D. programme in the department itself.